Etnias de Sonora

Ethnic Groups


An ancient ethnic group scattered in the Sierra Madre Occidental; its name means “there is not”, “does not exist”, “I do not have”, or probably “I do not understand”, an expression they used when questioned by the Spanish missionaries.

Settled in Yecora


A binational ethnic group linguistically related to the Pai pai, Kiliwa and Kumiai groups of Baja California; and with the Javasupai, Hualapai, Yavapai, Mojave, and Maricopa, of the United States. Its name translates as “coming”.

Settled in San Luis Rio Colorado


Known as Yoremes, they come from the ancient inhabitants of Huatabampo. It is the largest group in the State, with a population of approximately 75 thousand inhabitants. Mayos have a living language and Yoreme means “one who respects tradition.”

Settled in Alamos, Quiriego, Navojoa, Etchojoa, and Huatabampo


They were born as a link between the Tarahumara and the Cahita ethnic groups. They were divided into two groups that are still preserved: those from Chihuahua, linguistically more related to the Tarahumara language, and those from Sonora, more dependent on Yoreme.

Settled in Alamos


They are come from a pilgrimage from the region of the great lakes of Michigan in North America to Northern Mexico. Today, Kikapus are dedicated to making “tehuas”: tanned deerskin moccasins embroidered with beads.

Settled in Bacerac


The most representative ethnic group in Sonora, the Yoheme, with approximately 33 thousand inhabitants that are distributed in 8 towns with their own governors. Their history is covered with acts of stoic resistance.

Settled in Guaymas, Bacum, Cajeme, Empalme and Hermosillo


They call themselves Tohono O’odham, that is, “people of the desert.” They are dedicated to manufacturing carved wooden figures, pottery pieces, and baskets. Currently, the tribe inhabits desert areas of Sonora and Arizona.

Settled in Caborca, Rocky Point, Saric, Altar, and Sonoyta


Also known as Comca’ac, a term that means “the people” in the Seri language, are an ethnic group of recognized influence in the region due to their cultural openness. They stand out for the manufacturing of beautiful handicrafts of fibers, shells, and ironwood.

Settled in Desemboque (Pitiquito) and Punta Checa (Hermosillo)